FÖS study on the planned toll system on behalf of the Bündnis90/ The Greens Parliament fraction


The traffic system needs new solutions for a carbon-free future. Nevertheless the Department of Transportation bends the numbers in terms of traffic figures to introduce a non cost-covering and discriminatory toll system. On top of that this bill has no climate protection steering effect whatsoever. You find more information in this article (german) and in our study (also german) for the planned toll system.

Germany meets all EITI requirements

Germany sucesfully implemented the Standard of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). It is the first country that met all requirements already with its first report. The international Board, chaired by Frederik Reinfeldt, former Swedish MP, comments:

"Germany's 2016 EITI Report covered environmental aspects and subsidies. It explained how environmental impacts are compensated for and how the state can guarantee that the cost of rehabilitating sites does not fall on the taxpayer. The report also disclosed the amount of water consumed by the extractive sector in each state and described the rules and fees for water usage. The German EITI has also shed light on subsidies received by the extractive sector. Hard coal production in Germany is no longer competitive due to high production costs, and the sector has been subsidised. In 2007, an agreement was reached to phase out subsidies in a socially responsible manner by the end of 2018."

As member of Germany's Multi Stakeholder Group, the body governing the national implementation of the EITI, Green Budget Germany has advocated for inclusion of these topics in the report.

The EITI-Statement is available here.


Study by GBG, Öko-Institut and GWS: Reform and harmonization of current company-related energy exemption regimes
Lena Reuster, Swantje Fiedler, Verena Graichen, Anett Großmann et al. (2019)

The manufacturing industry benefits from numerous exemption regimes, including taxes on energy and electricity, network charges as well as the Renewable Energy Sources Act levy (EEG-Umlage). On behalf of the German Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt), Green Budget Germany, Öko-Institut and GWS developed a reform proposal: the Renewable Energy Sources Act levy could decrease up to 22 %, if exemptions directly aim at companies that are considered as actually energy-intensive. Find the complete study here.

FÖS-Study: A Comparison of CO2-based Car Taxation in EU-28, Norway and Switzerland
Matthias Runkel, Alexander Mahler, Ann-Cathrin Beermann (2018)

In order to achieve the European Union's emission reduction targets for new passenger cars and to make real progress regarding actual emissions in the road transport sector, European countries have to improve and sharpen their political instruments at hand. There is plenty of room to align the fiscal incentive scheme with climate and environmental policy goals by using the available vehicle and related taxes much more efficiently. Looking at the 28 European member countries plus Norway and Switzerland, many cases of well-designed and effective vehicle taxation are available. This paper compares the different tax systems and derives several policy recommendations. For eight countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and the United Kingdom), a more detailed comparison among four example vehicles is conducted and a ranking compiled. While some countries have already introduced CO2-based tax systems and achieve substantial CO2-emission reductions, other countries' systems are still in need of reform. Find the study here.

Hans Eichel commited to making tax system more sustainable
Berlin, 26 January 2016
GBG has appointed former Federal Minister Hans Eichel to Chair of its advisory board. During his time in office as minister of finance Eichel succesfully implemented an ecological tax reform. As part of his new position he wants to advocate an ecological tax system in which tax rates and pricing are commensurate with social and environmental truths. Read a German press release online.

This year's Adam Smith Prize awarded to Dr. Janez Potočnik
Berlin, 25 November 2015
This year's Adam Smith Prize for Environmental Economic Policy was awarded to the Co-Chair of the International Resource Panel (UNEP) and former European Commissioner for the Environment Dr. Janez Potočnik. During the award ceremony at the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Potočnik's commitment for a transition to a greener, more energy- and resource-efficient economy was highlighted. A documentation of the event is available.

From left to right: Dr. Anselm Görres (chair of GBG), Dr. Janez Potočnik (laureate) and Hans Eichel (jury member and former Federal Minister)

Björn Klusmann becomes new managing director of GBG
Berlin, 11 May 2015
GBG has appointed Björn Klusmann to be its new managing director as of 1 August, 2015. The 37-year-old political scientist will be succeeding Damian Ludewig, who has left his position as GBG managing director after seven years at his own request. A press release (in German) is available online.

Coal levy debate: Economists and energy scientists back up Minister Gabriel's proposal
Berlin, 22 April 2015
More than 50 economists and energy scientists support the proposal for a climate levy. In an open declaration published by Green Budget Germany, the scientists emphasize the importance to remain pioneer for climate protection and to reach the national climate goals by implementing a climate levy without limitation. The open declaration and a German press release are available online.

Third Annual Conference of the Green Growth Knowledge Platform
Venice, 29-30 January 2015
Kai Schlegelmilch, Vice-President and Co-Founder of Green Budget Germany (GBG), gave an interview about the paper "Fiscal considerations in the design of green tax reforms", which he co-authored with Amani Joas. The paper was commissioned by the GGKP Fiscal Instruments Research Committee for the Third Annual Conference of the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) and is available online.

>> Further information can be found here.